Astrid Lindgren: biography, personal life, books, photos
It is pleasant to talk about really bright and whole creative people who have enriched the world around with bright colors. One of them is Astrid Lindgren, whose biography, unfortunately, is distorted by many myths. Her writings have been translated into more than 100 languages, and an outstanding personality continues to attract attention. Interest in it continues unabated, because even nowadays, researchers find its unpublished manuscripts.
Astrid grew up in a friendly, kind and hardworking family, raising four children. The little ones adored their father, Samuel Augustus Eriksson, a respected rural pastor and owner of a picturesque hamlet who was a wonderful storyteller. Perhaps, thanks to the seeds of fiction sown by him, besides the world-famous writer, her two younger sisters, Stina and Ingrid, also became journalists.
The mother of the heroine of our story, Hannah Johnson, was the perfect mother and zealous mistress, for each of her children Hannah was like the sun.With gratitude, always recalls his childhood years Astrid Lindgren. The biography of any child, in her opinion, for his own benefit and further development should contain lines telling about communication with nature. Astrid remembers her childhood with gratitude to her parents in two words: security and freedom.
Parents' House Lindgren, legendary hospitable in the village of Wimerby, whose heart was a kitchen with a magnificent stove, has now become the famous Swedish museum. Reader's interest in the writer and is not weakening.
When journalists asked her what period of life was the most unfortunate: "Youth and old age," answered Astrid Lindgren. Her biography confirms this statement. The inner uncertainty of youth forced the girl to assert herself. She was the first in the village to cut off her braid and, for originality, put on a men's suit.
A talented girl got a job for 60 crowns a month in a local newspaper. It was the owner of this newspaper, Reinhold Blumberg, who at that time was divorcing his wife, seduced her. For his part, at that time the father of seven children, it was undoubtedly an immoral offense.As a result, the girl was in position. And the biography of Astrid Lindgren from this time differs not only on the nuances of growing up. In the life of the future writer is really difficult times.
Birth of a son
At that time, single mothers in Sweden were practically outlawed: not only were they not allowed even minimal social protection, they often took away children by a court decision.
The daughter of the pastor, in order to hide the pregnancy outside of marriage from the strict Protestant flock, in agreement with her parents, left to give birth in neighboring Denmark, in Copenhagen. The relatives who lived there helped her find a clinic for childbirth, as well as a foster mother for the born son Lars. Having given the child to the care of strangers, which she later felt sorry for all her life, the mother herself went to Stockholm in search of work, hoping to get her son back.
Studying and then working as a typist and stenographer, having barely accumulated a sufficient amount, she hurried to go to Lars Astrid Lindgren. The biography of the writer is particularly difficult and touching. Mother felt the helplessness and loneliness of the child with her soul, when she came to Denmark for the weekend, she saw those sad eyes.Later this impression will be reflected in the book “Rasmus – tramp”.
In Stockholm, Lindgren worked for the Royal Society of Motorists. The head of this organization was her future husband, Nils Stoere Lindgren. In 1931 they were married. This enabled the writer, finally, to pick up her son. Husband adopted him. Life Astrid Lindgren began to improve. With spouse they linked true love. They are deeply intelligent people in love with literature, really matched each other.
The way Nils Lindgren was, illustrates the fact of his life. In those years, the family’s earnings were rather modest, and one day he went to buy a suit for money specially set aside in advance. He returned home with a radiant face, but without a suit, carrying the heavy bales of books with a fit, a complete collection of Hans Christian Andersen. Three years later, they had a daughter, Karen.
However, in the future their married life was not cloudless. Astrid on the eve of world war, to the displeasure of her apolitical husband, showed her involvement in politics. She believed in herself and was enthusiastically engaged in literature - this was how the world famous writer Astrid Lindgren took place.
What kind of civilizational challenges did a resident of a neutral country imagine? Published recently, discovered in 2007 in the attic, the writer's military diaries tell about her worldview. Astrid, like most of the educated population of Sweden, believed that her country was threatened by “two dragons”: Hitler’s fascism, which enslaved Norway, and Stalinist Bolshevism, which attacked Finland in order to “protect the Russian population.” Lindgren saw salvation for humanity in the recognition by the world of the ideas of social democracy. She joined the corresponding party.
Start to the big literature
Although her first tales were published in magazines and almanacs back in the 1930s, the Swede herself outlines the beginning of her work in 1941. It was at this time that Astrid's daughter Lindgren, Karen, who suffers from pneumonia, asked her mother to tell her before going to bed the stories about the fictional girl Peppy Longstocking. Interestingly, the name of her heroine came up with the girl in the heat. Every evening, caring mother told a convalescent child a new story about a fabulous baby. She lived alone, was kind and fair. She loved adventures, and they happened to her.Peppy at the subtle addition differed incredible physical strength, she had a strong resilient character ...
Thus was created a wonderful collection published by the new publishing house Raben and Shegren. He brought the writer worldwide fame.
Boldin Autumn Lindgren
The end of the forties - the beginning of the fifties was marked for the writer with creative enthusiasm. At this time, three more books were written about Peppy, two books about Horny Street, three books about Brit Maria (a teenage girl), a detective story about Kali Blunkvist, two fabulous collections, a poetry collection, four transcriptions of her books in theater productions, two comic books.
It would seem that everything is going great. However, Astrid Lindgren’s opposition was great. The list of the works listed above literally for each position found its way to the reader only after a tough polemic of a writer with literary criticism. And this is not surprising, because the Swede pushed the former literary favorites to the second roles. The books on Peppy were the most attacked. Patriarchal Sweden found it difficult to perceive new pedagogy, where the center was not a teaching adult, but a living child with his questions and problems.
In the reader's feedback on the writer's works, her work is compared with a chest full of treasures in which every child or even an adult can find something that is consonant with the movements of his soul. Astrid Lindgren wrote different books on her composition and story for children. A list of the most read of them is presented below:
- "The Adventures of Emil from Leenberg."
- "Peppi Longstocking" (collection).
- Three stories about the Babe and Carlson.
- "Mio, my Mio!"
- “Children from Gorlastoy Street” (collection).
- "Rasmus the tramp."
- Brothers Lionheart.
- "Sunny Glade" (collection).
The writer herself from her works most loved "Rasmus the vagabond." This book was especially close to her. In it, Astrid poured out the felt and experienced in the difficult three-year period of forced separation from her son. A woman living in another country could not be with him when he began to talk, play the first simple children's games, when he learned to use a spoon, ride a tricycle. The Swede suffered because she was not around when her son was sick, and he was treated. Astrid carried this guilt through her entire life.
Of course, the stories about Peppy and Carlson are the most popular written by Astrid Lindgren.For most children, the adventures of these heroes are the most attractive and original. However, as evidenced by the reviews, for many people, other works from the list are more valuable.
The motive of loneliness and opposition to the mighty tyrant is heard in "Mio, my mio." The theme of service, love and courage is uniquely revealed in the Brothers Lionheart. However, even in these difficult books, partly tragic, touching the soul of the reader, one feels enduring optimism and inexorable courage of an open and worthy person. They Astrid teaches children to remain people under any circumstances.
Difficult path to recognition
The Council for the Children's Book, the most authoritative international organization, in 1958 awarded the writer with the Hans Christian Andersen Medal. The prospect of a huge circulation of translations into other languages. However, in each country, the works of Swedes faced the issue of changing the details in the interests of the notorious political correctness. So, Peppy 's father, the Negro king, unwittingly turned into color, then into the king of cannibals.
Lindgren did not go away from intense discussions, she supported others.She became the editor of children's literature publishing house "Raben and Shegren." Grew its popularity. Astrid was entrusted to write a script for the TV show "We are on Saltkrok Island", which then turned into a book of the same name. Out of time, this work was destined to become for Sweden the brand of a national family summer holiday. By that time, the writer became known to the whole world. Photos by Astrid Lindgren were published on the front page of leading newspapers; the publishing house where she worked founded her literary award.
The paradox of the Russian translation of books about Carlson
Creativity of the writer in time fell on the Khrushchev time "thaw". She showed Soviet children that the collective is not at all the main thing of a person, that a doubting child, not an excellent student, can also be attractive and attractive.
In 1957, Carlson’s Adventures was published in the USSR, in 1963, Rasmusa Vagabond, and in 1965, Mio, my Mio and Peppy Longstocking. As is known, during the Iron Curtain in the USSR, those foreign writers were published who either died long ago, became classics, or showed themselves as friends of the USSR.
It was a completely different way with Astrid Lindgren.Both her books and her political position did not fall under the tracing of the Soviet official censorship. It was a literature of liberation, helping us to accept ourselves as we are. "Carlson" helped to better understand his soul, became a lifesaver for millions of Soviet guys, hand and foot bound by the "code of a good boy."
Here, the role played by the talent of translator Liliana Lungin. Sensing the key spirit of freedom in Karlson against the background of the urban loneliness of the Kid, the translator performed a miracle: instead of a negative character in Sweden, she appeared in Russian as a positive, cheerful and dynamic character. Swedish writer herself wondered: why her greedy and arrogant hero fell in love in Russia? The real reason was Astrid Lindgren's universal talent. Reviews of Soviet children with thanks came not only to book publishers. In theaters, Karlson’s children’s performances were sold out, in two of the most famous of which Spartak Mishulin played the main character, and Alisa Freindlich successfully played the Little Hero.
Extraordinary success and cartoon about Carlson.His highlight was the role of Freken Bok performed by Ranevskaya.
In 1978, the German Publishers Guild presented the International Peace Prize at the Frankfurt Fair. The response speech of the writer was called "No to violence." We present some of her theses expressed by Astrid Lindgren. Books for children, in her opinion, should teach little readers to be free. In her opinion, violence from society should be removed, starting with children. After all, it is proved that the basis of a person’s character is laid before the age of 5 years. The lessons of violence, unfortunately, are small citizens often receive from their parents. In addition, from the TV shows. As a result, they have the impression that all problems in life can be solved by violence.
Not in small measure thanks to the writer in 1979 in Sweden a law was passed prohibiting corporal punishment in the family. Today, without exaggeration, we can say that the living generations of Swedes are brought up on her books.
Astrid Lindgren’s death in 2002 shocked the people of her country. People again and again asked their leaders: “Why wasn’t such a humanist awarded the Nobel Prize?” In response, the government instituted the annual State Prize named after the writer, which awards the best children's works.
Work on the Astrid Lindgren Archive
Now we are working on the archive of the writer. New documents are being revealed that shed light on her identity. Thanks to them, she appears more clearly, her emotions, thoughts, and anxiety show up to readers. A resident of neutral Sweden, then still just a housewife, Astrid Lindgren reveals to us her point of view on the action of the war.
Unfortunately, there is no translation in Russia yet. However, millions of our people are waiting for him. After all, today we are ready to accept any other point of view. And she is not malicious, she is just different, and she should be understood. Undoubtedly, it will be significant material for future thoughts and discussions, as well as for reassessment. After all, this is a look at the history of man of European values.
It should be remembered that Astrid at the time of writing the Diaries was not the guru who addressed the whole world from Frankfurt. The Western man’s view of the expedient actions of the state is fundamentally different to ours. The focus of concern for a democratic country and society is not ideology, not state interests, but people. In the post-Soviet space are not accustomed to this.Let us recall, at least, how Britain was withdrawing its army from the continent: first every single soldier was taken out on ships, and only then - equipment.
The reader is impressed by the sincere and witty style of the narration Astrid Lindgren. Her books, which are for children according to their intended purpose, pose a rather complicated, but fundamental, question to the community about their recognition of the needs and demands of children.
The heroes of the Swedish writer suffer from loneliness, but they stubbornly oppose public opinion and win. The works of this Master are very useful for children’s reading. After all, support is critical for the child, a guide in life, expressed in a distinct “adult” vision of children's problems. This view was able to give at the level of children's communication Astrid Lindgren. The books of the writer became a long-awaited fresh breath of air for obsolete, burdened with patriarchal features of pedagogy.