Acetic tree: description, care, planting
Deer-horn sumach (vinegar tree) is a plant of the sumach family that grows in eastern North America, primarily in the northeastern part of the United States of America and in southeastern Canada.
Sumac deerhogy is a deciduous tree in height from three to ten meters. Leaves with multiple 6-11-centimeter leaves (from 9 to 31), non-paristocomplex, 25-55 centimeters in length. Young scapes and branches covered with velvety hairs. Red-brown flowers are collected in conical thick panicles with a diameter of four to six centimeters and a length of ten to twenty centimeters. Fruits in the form of small red stones, gathered in panicles. In the autumn period, the foliage of sumach becomes bright red.
The vinegar tree, which we have just described, is cultivated as an ornamental plant. Landscape designers love it due to unpretentiousness, sustainability and beautiful appearance.
This tree is a kind of chameleon.In spring, it puts on a green robe, and in the fall it becomes darker and shimmers with brown, orange, red ... It seems that such incredible beauty was created especially for cozy gardens! However, only at first glance sucks seem so unassuming. A vinegar tree is rather difficult to grow, and anyone who dares to shelter a beautiful plant on their land can see this.
Due to the interesting "dress" you can recognize an exotic guest very quickly. Plants whose homelands are warm edges are covered with red leaves in autumn. Proceeding from this, at the sight of a reddish crown, it can be immediately stated that there is a sun lover in front of you, able to survive in arid conditions. However, this knowledge is not enough to grow a vinegar-type tree, so we will tell more about it.
Why do sums are called deer-horny?
In appearance, a low tree looks somewhat like a palm tree. It also has a lush crown and spreading branches, decorated on both sides with long thin leaves. That's just the stem of the plant does not look like an exotic one, and its fruits cannot be eaten.
Where did the word "deer horny" come from in the title? The answer is very simple: the fact is that the sprawling branches with thin leaves resemble the horns of a deer in appearance. Only here the dimensions are seriously different: the vinegar tree can grow up to twelve meters in height! Although, frankly, such giants are very rare, usually sums grow up to two meters high in yards and country houses.
Flowering vinegar tree in the middle of summer. At the ends of the branches appear panicles, in a few days covered with a fluff. They are somewhat reminiscent of chestnut flowering, but their particles are more intertwined with each other, and therefore form whole flowers. Some sumaha bloom in white, others - in dark red. Burgundy flowers resemble velvet, and whites are more fluffy, so the plant looks irresistible in both cases!
Sumy in winter
In winter, the vinegar bears fruit! At this time, it looks incredibly beautiful. The fruits are small dark red clusters located at the ends of the branches. In size, they are approximately the same as the flowers of the plant with burgundy panicles. Fruits are collected in brushes and decorated with a short down.
When choosing a vinegar tree for your plot, you should pay attention to its floor. Do you want to enjoy not only the beauty of flowers, but also the kind of fruit? In this case, acquire a female. On the branches fine fruits are preserved with a dark red fleecy surface, collected in a dense vertical brush.
A vinegar plant is an vinegar tree, and this should be taken into account when planting. Erect inflorescences have a racemose shape, consist of a lot of inconspicuous, small flowers. Dense inflorescences that reach twenty centimeters in length, surrounded by leaves and located on the tips of the branches.
Acetic trees used to be a real rarity. Gardeners for the sake of the beauty of such a handsome man were ready to travel almost through the entire Soviet Union. Solemnly bringing an exotic plant home, they planted it in front of the window in the most prominent place and admired day after day. It’s good if the tree didn’t give the owner any trouble. Although this behavior can be called a rarity. Usually, deer horn sumas grows and becomes a real problem for the gardener.
For its cultivation the main condition is a large territory.It is necessary not only for the vinegar tree to spread its root processes around, but also to effectively deal with them. If there is, where to turn, to uproot the extra trees is much easier. In addition to a large space, deer horn sums loves intense sunlight. Therefore, if you want to admire a beautiful crown that resembles a palm tree, make sure that the plant regularly takes sun baths.
Planting vinegar tree
As it seems at first glance, there is nothing too complicated in planting a sumach. However, some tricks still need to know, they will help grow on the site of this handsome man. In general, in the wild, the plant has quite “spartan” growing conditions: it lives among stones, and in this connection it cannot be called whimsical. The vinegar tree can grow even in sandy soil, where the squash does not grow. However, it is very important for sumak to have a large amount of sunlight, therefore, for planting a place should be chosen unshaded.
Before planting the seedling, the roots must be cut in such a way that the roots are up to twenty centimeters long.Then you need to dig a hole the size of 50 by 50 centimeters, place in it a plant seedling and fix it with earth. It is advisable to immediately pour the tree with water.
And one more important point: deer horn sums does not like winds. If you have several buildings in your dacha, for example, a house, a barn, a bathhouse, for an exotic beauty choose a place so that it does not grow in the draft formed by these buildings.
Acetic tree: care
Despite the exoticism, there are very few frostlings among sumachs. In winter, as a rule, they do not frost up, unless we are talking about very cold winters. In this case, if spring fails to restore the frozen branches, they should be almost completely cut off, leaving no more than thirty centimeters from the trunk. Then this “haircut” will play the decorativeness of the tree for the benefit, because it will grow not in height, but in width. Therefore, frozen deer horn sumac will decorate the site even better than “seasoned”. Well, if you want to avoid frosting, prepare the vinegar tree for winter in the same autumn when you plant. To do this, cover the ground around the trunk with peat, dry leaves or hay.
As for fertilizers, this plant can be left without top dressing. After all, he, despite the external pomp, habitually grow in poor soil. In addition, sumac deer-horn diseases are practically not infected, so it is not necessary to spray it. Therefore, if you like beautiful plantations that do not require special care, the vinegar tree is ideal for you. If the most important thing for you is to benefit, it is better to plant fruit trees on the plot and collect a rich harvest from them!