A bungalow is a one-story house: types, description, interior
At the word “bungalow” many people have such an association in their heads: in the middle of the village, surrounded by tall trees and bright flowers, there is a small one-story house with a hammock and a spacious veranda. Well, the bungalow looks like this. About these houses and will be discussed in this article.
Bungalow is a one-storey house, designed for one family. Buildings of this type have a rich history. It began in Bengal, which currently does not exist as an independent state. Its territory is divided into two parts, belonging to countries such as India and Bangladesh. From Hindi, the word "bungalow" is translated as "the building in Bengali style."
In the past, such buildings were erected for wealthy tourists who came from Britain to colonized India. Subsequently, the principle of construction was adopted by the British. In Britain, these houses are loved by farmers and villagers, since their construction was relatively inexpensive.
By the end of the 19th century, bungalow houses became popular in America. It was here that they were given the modern name. The building was designed by architect William Preston in 1879. Soon this type of cottage became traditional in some states of the USA, for example, in California, and moved to Australia and European countries.
There are different types of bungalows. It all depends on the climatic conditions, location and features of living in them. For example, in the tourism business, they are separate buildings located near the main building. Residents here serve themselves, so the cost of rent is lower. In America alone, there are at least three types of buildings.
California bungalows are buildings with square pillars and sloping roofs. They are characterized by plastered walls, as well as open rafters. Often the space on the roofs is used rationally, completing the low floor with a large number of windows. The verandas are located at the main entrance, they are very spacious. The interior is dominated by Spanish motifs.A large number of decorative elements are made of wood and other natural materials. All these features are typical for the style of the craft. That structure of this type are considered traditional for America.
In the US, several varieties of bungalows are common. This means that the type of building depends on where it is erected. In Chicago, for example, bungalows are built of brick. Building urban: the facade of the building is narrow, the house has a full basement, the roof has the shape of a tent. A distinctive feature of the Chicago bungalow is an unusual attic peaked shape, as well as a deep porch. The interior uses elements made in the style of craftman.
Dutch colonial bungalows
This is perhaps the most atypical type of construction. The construction is made of brick, sometimes the building is completely sewn up with siding. The finish is made in muted tones: light brown, white, beige. On the sloping roofs, traditional for this type of building, there are side attic windows. Front porches, decorated with columns.
Spanish colonial bungalows
This type of building is sometimes called "Mexican bungalows".They stand out among traditional American buildings, since elements of Spanish colonial architecture are widely used in their exterior. These include red roofs, plastered walls of white or cream shades, decorative tiles of various types. Terraces are usually fenced with walls. Roofs can be of two types: either low or flat. When finishing often prefer decorative forged grilles and railings. The windows are made in the form of arches. The doors leading to the house are wooden. They are lavishly decorated with carvings. Rest in this type of bungalow is very comfortable. You will not get tired of the excess of decorative elements, as the Spanish colonial buildings are very harmonious.
Indian Colonial Bungalows
This is the most "unstable" on the exterior type of single-storey houses. Outwardly, they are very diverse, they are not built according to one pattern, such as, for example, Chicago bungalows. The main feature of these buildings is that they are built using a variety of natural materials characteristic of the area in which construction work is being done.
In European countries, these buildings often have two floors. A small plot of land belonging to the same owner adjoins the first level. On the second floor are accommodations and a terrace. This is called duplex. An interesting fact is that the first and second floors may belong to different owners. At this detail you need to pay attention, buying a European bungalow.
Buildings erected in the UK are made of stone. They are designed for one family and consist of two floors. And Spanish bungalows, on the contrary, are being built at once for several families. In Russia, this type of building is called townhouses.
Bungalows in warm countries
Most often, bungalows are built in the warm seaside countries of Asia, such as Thailand or India. In Thailand, the entire coastline is built up with one-story houses with flat roofs. The buildings are made of wood, the roofs are covered with palm leaves. These are economy class buildings. More expensive bungalows resemble cottage buildings with a pool and a large plot of land.
Indian bungalows have become very popular among Russian tourists. This property has a low cost.Located on the coast of the Indian Ocean.
A distinctive feature of buildings of this type is that they are directed horizontally. This simplifies the location of the necessary communications and premises. The second floor is most often used as a recreation area. For the most part, older couples, large families with small children, or people with disabilities live in single-story buildings. The lack of stairs makes building operation much more convenient. The bungalow style is most often preferred by people who are tired of the urban environment. He is very laconic, there is no overabundance of details. Furniture is usually simple. It does not make the space heavier and visually expands it.
The main materials used in the interior of the bungalow are natural fabrics and other natural materials. The most popular are accessories from bamboo stalk, as well as from straw. A lot of sunshine and fresh air comes into the room. The main postulate, which guides the designers, is: "The wall should not attract attention." Looks riveted decorative elements, as well as furniture.Items can be made in any color range: from the color of sand to shades of gold. It looks very advantageous "natural" palette, for example, the color of the night sky or blossoming trees. Inappropriate look only pastel colors, such as lilac or pink. The purpose of the bungalow style is to bring the atmosphere of a rural idyll into the house.
Single-storey houses have gained popularity in many countries around the world. There are several reasons for this. First, bungalow cottages allow you to place living rooms on the same floor as compact as possible. Secondly, the process of construction of buildings is greatly simplified if they do not have a second floor. Thirdly, in the bungalow is a high degree of security. For example, in the event of a fire, you can even leave a building through the windows. Thus, these buildings have a large number of positive characteristics.