7 reasons for the taste of iron in the mouth in women and men?
Smacking the iron in your mouth, as if you just licked a battery, a rather unpleasant feeling that can sometimes appear or bother you all the time. In addition, many diseases of the digestive organs can manifest themselves as such a symptom; therefore, such an organism signal cannot be ignored.
In this topic, we want to tell you why iron taste appears in the mouth, what should be done in this case and which specialists to contact. But first, let's look at what taste is, how it is formed, and what organ is responsible for taste perception.
Language is the organ of taste perception.
Language is not only involved in the formation of sounds, but also responsible for the perception of taste. How does this happen?
There are more than two thousand taste buds in the tongue, which contain taste bulbs. Papillae of the tongue are distinguished by their form, as well as by purpose.There are filiform, fungoid, leaf-shaped and grooved taste buds.
Various substances that fall into the oral cavity, and, accordingly, on the tongue, penetrating deep into the taste bud, irritate the nerve endings located there. The signal received by the receptor is sent to the brain, where, after processing, it gives information about the taste of the substance.
It should also be noted that different parts of the language are responsible for the perception of a particular taste: the tip is responsible for the perception of a sweet taste, the middle part is sour, the edges of the language are salty and sour, and the root is bitter.
Taste depends on the following factors:
- the concentration of the main substance in food;
- the area of the tongue on which the food fell;
- food temperature.
Iron taste in mouth: causes
The taste of iron in the mouth is not always the result of a disease, because the body can react to external stimuli. It all depends on how often this feeling appears, what symptoms accompany it and in what situation it occurs.
In the mouth, iron taste can appear due to the following non-pathological factors:
- mineral water enriched with iron ions. Such waters are prescribed for the treatment of iron deficiency states;
- substandard tap water. In the old plumbing system, whose pipes are rusted, the water is saturated with iron ions;
- metal dentures or implants. If a person who has metal prostheses or implants eats sour food or drinks a sour drink, then iron ions will react with organic acids, which will cause an unpleasant taste of the metal in the mouth. Also, this feeling may occur if the dentures are made of different metals, which can also react with each other;
- use of aluminum or cast-iron cookware. Organic acids of the products enter into a chemical reaction with the metal ions from which the utensils are made;
- the presence of piercing on the tongue, lips. The metal from which the jewelry is made reacts with sour food or drinks, as a result of which there is a metallic taste in the mouth;
- non-compliance with oral hygiene. Tongue plaque, tooth decay and tartar can also provoke a similar sensation;
- massive jewelry on the body, watches and bracelets made of metal.
Metallic taste in the mouth during pregnancy
In women, the taste of metal is often observed during pregnancy, the appearance of which is explained by the following:
- exacerbation of chronic diseases;
- iron deficiency;
- lack of vitamins and trace elements in the female body;
- changes in the perception of taste receptors on the background of hormonal changes in the body.
The appearance of such taste in the mouth may be accompanied by nausea, especially with the onset of morning or in contact with certain flavors or foods. Also, pregnant women may notice changes in taste, increased sensitivity and an increase in the mammary glands.
Other symptoms, such as abdominal pain, runny nose, cough, feeling of bitterness in the mouth or a violation of sensitivity, in this case are absent.
These symptoms are considered normal in the first and second trimesters, but their appearance in the third trimester may be a sign of pathology.Therefore, if you are worried about these symptoms, inform your gynecologist about this in order to rule out illness or start treatment at the time of treatment.
The taste of metal in the mouth in women who are in menopause
During menopause, a significant hormonal changes occur in a woman's body, which affect the activity of almost all organs and systems. Therefore, very often the ladies complain of a constant or periodic taste of the metal in the mouth.
Also, menopause can provoke an exacerbation of chronic diseases, one of the symptoms of which is the taste of metal in the mouth. Also, such sensations can cause anemia, which often appears during menopause.
The taste of metal in the mouth during menstruation
For several days and during menstrual periods, the hormonal background of women also changes greatly, which can distort the receptivity of taste buds.
The taste of metal in the mouth in men after running
Not only men, but also women after intense running, especially for long distances, notice the unpleasant taste of metal in their mouths. This phenomenon can be explained by two reasons, namely:
- capillaries of the upper respiratory tract and lungs are injured due to excessive exercise;
- due to strong physical exertion, the capillaries of the gums can rupture, causing them to bleed.
Taste of iron in the mouth, as a symptom of the disease
Often the taste of metal in the mouth means that a substance has entered the body that has led to its poisoning. A similar symptom can be accompanied by intoxication with mercury, lead, arsenic, copper or zinc.
Poisonings with the listed substances are most often observed in persons working at industrial enterprises.
Persons who have been poisoned by one of the mentioned metals, besides the unpleasant taste in the mouth, will also have other signs of intoxication, such as pain in the abdomen, dry mouth, thirst, headaches, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, and in severe cases it is even possible disturbance of consciousness.
Also, the appearance of iron taste in the mouth can be one of the manifestations of the following diseases:
- periodontitis or gum disease.Bleeding gums, thickening of saliva, bad breath, and unstable teeth are also characteristic of this disease.
- anemia with a lack of iron, vitamin B12 or folic acid in the body.With anemia, patients also complain of general weakness, fatigue, taste perversion, dryness and paleness of the skin, brittle hair and nails, gingival bleeding, dizziness, palpitations, and other symptoms.
- liver disease.Hepatitis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and liver cytosis can trigger a metal sensation in the mouth;
- pathology of biliary tract.Most often, cholecystitis, cholelithiasis and biliary dyskinesia lead to a metallic taste in the mouth. Also, patients may experience pain in the right hypochondrium, heartburn, nausea, vomiting, and other unpleasant symptoms;
- diabetes.The taste of metal in the mouth in diabetes mellitus is associated with the active breakdown of fat, as a result of which a large number of ketone bodies are formed, which penetrate into the blood;
- diseases of the stomach.Gastritis and peptic ulcer disease can cause a metallic taste in the mouth.In addition, there are symptoms such as epigastric pain after eating or “hungry” stomach pains, flatulence, disturbed stool, nausea and vomiting;
- inflammation of the tongue.The disease may be viral, bacterial, fungal, thermal, or chemical. Patients note pain in the tongue, a change in taste, increased salivation, redness and swelling of the tongue;
- inflammation of the oral mucosa.For stomatitis is characterized by the appearance of erosions, ulcers, aft or areas of necrosis on the oral mucosa, which occurs due to a bacterial, viral or fungal infection;
- ENT diseases.Most often, the taste of metal in the mouth is triggered by the fungal infection of the vesicular sinuses, the larynx, the throat, or the external auditory canal;
- diseases of the central nervous system.Experts note that this symptom can often be observed in patients with Alzheimer's disease, brain cancer and multiple sclerosis. In addition to the taste of the metal in the mouth, neurological symptoms (swallowing, hand trembling, amnesia, memory loss, change in motor coordination, etc.) will be present;
- lung disease.Inflammation, tuberculosis and lung cancer are diseases that can lead to an unpleasant taste of metal in the mouth, because when coughing sputum of a different nature, which irritates the taste buds. These diseases are also accompanied by cough, symptoms of intoxication, hemoptysis and shortness of breath.
The taste of metal in the mouth, as a side effect of drugs
There are a number of drugs that can cause low-intensity or strong taste of metal in the mouth, namely:
- antimicrobial drugs (Metrogyl, Tetracycline, Ornidazole and others;
- glucocorticosteroid drugs (Prednisolone, Metipred, Prednisolone);
- oral hormonal contraceptives (Yarin, Femoden, Zhannina);
- antiacid drugs (Omez, Nolpaza, Epicurus);
- cholesterol-lowering drugs (Atoris, Simvastatin);
- antiallergic drugs (Suprastexx, Diazolin, Tavegil);
- medications for the treatment of diabetes mellitus (glycon, diaformin);
- antihypertensive drugs (Enap, Ednit, Captopress);
- biological supplements that are aimed at reducing body weight.
Thus, we have disassembled what the taste of iron in the mouth means and why it occurs.Therefore, if you are worried about the metal taste in your mouth for a long time, do not hesitate to visit a specialist. First of all, you should seek advice from a general practitioner or a gastroenterologist, who, after conducting a comprehensive examination of your body, will determine the cause of this feeling and prescribe treatment. If necessary, the doctor will refer you to related specialists: an otolaryngologist, an endocrinologist, a neurologist, a dentist, etc.