7 important rules for caring for orchids at home
Potted plants refresh the interior of an apartment or house. It is difficult to imagine housing without small islands of greenery on the windowsill. Especially pleasing to the eye are exotic flowers that are reminiscent of hot countries. Caring for an orchid at home requires special skills, since it is rather capricious. However, the result will exceed all expectations and pay off the effort - the plant blooms for a long time and at this moment resembles a refined bouquet.
Features of the life of the orchid in its natural habitat
Orchids grow on all continents except the snowy Arctic and Antarctic. The largest number of species found in the tropics. These flowers love heat and moisture.
Mention of orchids can be found:
- ancient Greek scientists who considered the plant to be curative;
- Indians brewed fragrant drinks from their pestle;
- among the peoples of Southeast Asia, who drove away evil spirits from their homes from their homes.
There are over 35,000 species of orchids. The color of flowers varies from white to purple and black.
Orchids are also divided into groups:
- land plants;
- living on the branches of trees.
It belongs to a group of plants that live on trees. Most of their roots float in the air, getting moisture out of it. Sometimes they form a thickening, resembling tubers, in which nutrients accumulate.
Rules for caring for a flower at home
It should be remembered that Phalaenopsis was brought from warm countries, and therefore requires heat and well-humidified air. This orchid clings to the trees and grows in the shade of their crown, hiding the leaves of the plant from direct sunlight.
In the pot you need to stick a strong long stick, which will serve as a support. Ordinary land for growing orchids can not be used. The stores sell special soil for this flower.
Proper maintenance of orchids at home is simple, you just need to follow the basic rules.
As already mentioned, in the summer it is better not to plant a flower in the bright sun.It scorches tender leaves. The light should be diffused, so for the plant it is better to choose window sills facing east or west.
Tropical day lasts more than half a day, so you need to think about how to compensate for the lack of sunlight. For one flower, a 40 W light bulb is enough, installed so that there is enough light on the leaves and inflorescences.
At home, orchid care is simple in terms of temperature. The apartment is always warm enough, but there are two dangerous factors.
- Air conditioning.It dramatically dries the air and after using it you must additionally spray the plant. In no case can not put an orchid under the stream of a working air conditioner.
- Draft.The flower does not like hypothermia, so the plant should be removed from the window sill at the time of airing the room.
If the orchid stops blooming, it requires a little stress. By reducing the daytime temperature to +12 ° C, and lowering the nighttime temperature by another couple of degrees, it is possible to achieve the laying of the kidneys. Seeing them, you should not abruptly interrupt the previous mode.
The tropical climate has a high level of humidity. The usual rate - from 60 to 70%. In apartments and houses it is much lower, especially during the heating season.
To keep a microclimate suitable for an orchid will help frequent spraying from a spray. Moreover, the water should be at room temperature and well settled. Moisturize the leaves and stem, avoiding inflorescences, should be at least 3-4 times a week.
If the air is too dry, you can buy a humidifier and put it in the room where the plant is located. The device will benefit not only him, but also people living in the apartment.
Caring for orchids at home provides a number of tricks. The flower can be planted not in a standard clay pot, but in a transparent plastic pot, through the walls of which the root system is visible. It is easy to make several slots in it and do not water the soil from above, but put it in a bowl with water for 5 minutes. So the roots will absorb the required amount of moisture, and it will not create a surplus.
If the walls of the pot are opaque, it is necessary to water the orchid as soon as the top layer of the earth feels dry to the touch. It is important not to pour the flower. In the wild, roots take the necessary amount of moisture from the bark of trees when it rains.
Many people succeed in dealing with this problem quite successfully. The orchid should be carefully removed from the ground, inspected the root system and cut off the rotted parts. It is better to replace the soil with a new one, because the old one remains too wet and is able to negate all the efforts to treat the flower.
In the cold season, watering orchids should be reduced, and in the summer, on the contrary, more often to check the condition of the soil. If the orchid does not have enough moisture, all its leaves will become thinner, and the lower ones will turn yellow and fall off. When the regime is restored, it will quickly come to life, but it is better not to allow such a situation.
If indoor orchid belongs to a group of land plants, such as Cymbidium, then caring for it at home will be slightly different than Phalaenopsis.The composition of the soil for different species of these plants is markedly different.
Flowers growing on trees do not require soil containing nutrients, but the ground should allow excess moisture to evaporate quickly.
The best option is to buy orchid primer in the store and add several ingredients to it:
- pieces of expanded clay or foam;
- sphagnum moss;
- bark of oak or pine;
- sunflower seed husks;
All these elements will loosen the soil and increase the flow of air to the roots, which is of great importance for Phalaenopsis. You should not mindlessly mix all the ingredients in the hope that the orchid will immediately begin to bloom luxuriantly.
Elements require thorough water and thermal purification. First they are washed, and the moss is soaked for a day to get rid of insects. Then additives that can be processed at high temperatures, dried in the oven. These actions will rid the roots of the plant from the fungus that breeds in wet soil.
Cymbidium living on the earth will require nutritional supplements in addition to normal soil. In this capacity, suitable leaves of non-poisonous plants and a mixture of peat and charcoal.
Fertilizing and fertilizing
Growing orchids at home in a limited amount of soil implies special care. Cymbidium should be fed from time to time to create a comfortable environment for growth.
Standard nutritional supplements for indoor plants are not suitable for orchids. They need soluble mineral fertilizers containing phosphorus, nitrogen and iron. They promote the growth of leaves and flowering, as well as give the plant immunity against pests.
Some orchid owners use organic supplements, such as pieces of banana skin. However, it is difficult to calculate the required amount of such feeding. Its excess causes the rotting process of the plant root system.
Any orchid needs a transplant every two years. During this period, the components of the soil are destroyed, making it difficult to ventilate the roots. In addition, the plant can outgrow its pot, and then its roots will begin to speak out. This leads to a lack of mineral salts, even with regular feeding of the soil.
The orchid is gently taken out of the pot, shaking off the roots of adhering lumps of soil. It is undesirable to transplant a flowering plant, but the process will not cause much harm to it. Next, the flower is moved to a larger pot with freshly moistened soil.
The main problems with growing orchids
The plant can get sick even with strict observance of the conditions for its cultivation. Care for orchids for beginners necessarily includes the study of manuals and instructions. They contain recommendations from experienced florists and information about flower features.
As already mentioned, the gulf of roots leads to their damage and the fall of the leaves. The appearance on the greens of yellow spots can provoke direct sunlight. With inadequate processing of soil components, a fungus develops in it, leading to the destruction of the root system.Lingering leaves speak of a lack of moisture and too dry air.
Orchids are rather unpretentious, it is easy to care for them if you know the basic rules and take into account the specifics of the climate in which these flowers grow in nature.
Scientists conducting experiments to study the vital activity of flowers, believe that they communicate with each other impulses and feel the thoughts of the owner.
It sounds a little fantastic, although how else to explain the reason why a rarely flowering plant blooms on the birthday of its owner or another memorable date? It, like any living creature, feels the love directed at him and tries to please the person caring for him with the lush green of the leaves and bright inflorescences.
Well-groomed orchids growing on the windowsill demonstrate the attentiveness and responsibility of the owner and decorate any room.